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This is where we would like to acquaint you a little with the world of leather and tell shortly about its types and the ways it can be maintained. Regardless of whether you are considering the purchase of our bag or not, we encourage you to read this short text. It will provide you with information on what should guide you while choosing a bag, what kind of leather to look for and what kind of leather to avoid.

TYPES OF LEATHER :


Have you been wondering why one pair of leather shoes you can wear for years, and other pair, also a leather one, ends up in a closet (at best) after only a year and you want to forget about it as soon as possible? The same may be for a leather bag. Why does this happen – after all, they are both made of leather and, theoretically, they should have similar strength and they should age nicely?! The way a bag will look after a year of use is definitely dependant on the type of leather used for the production. Currently, there are many different types of leather available on the market and even for a person who “knows their stuff” it is not easy to explicitly specify the best leather.
Remember that, due to its best properties (mainly durability, flexibility and smell), the basic leather used in leather-working is cowhide and that’s what we are going to focus on. Based on our experience, we do not recommend leather from other animals.
The quality of leather is directly related to the tanning process. First of all, leather tanning includes purification of skin which stops putrefaction. The next step is to inject the skin with new fats which will let the leather remain soft and flexible for many years. This steps is the one which determines the quality of leather. In a nutshell, the more vegetable tannins (roots, leaves, bark) injected to the skin (and less chemical ones), the better the leather quality.


The most noble leather is the one produced in the same way it has been done for centuries. Vegetable tanning means using only vegetable tannins. This form of tanning is used only for the most luxurious leathercraft items. Their individual feature is characteristic squeaking and good air permeability. Examples of vegetable tanning leather is Buffalo leather and Russia leather. If you are looking for a high-end bag which will age beautifully we recommend this type of leather. Its only downside is the high price.



It is high-quality, soft leather, delicate to the touch, but at the same time – very durable, wit beautiful, clearly visible texture (it preserves the natural pattern of the skin), usually produced using vegetable-chrome tanning. On the texture, you can find more or less visible natural birthmarks, delicate wrinkles and scars. If an animal has been gored, scratched with a thorn-bush or wire, bitten or marked, the colour in such a place has a stronger colour which shows up a bit. You can also see an entire fibre running through raw skin in the form of veins. If you are looking for a bag which is durable, weather-resistant, requiring simple and not frequent maintenance, we recommend this type of leather as the best one. Apart from typical grain leather, we have matt, semi-matt, lacquered and oil grain leather.



Usually, it is quite thick, flexible and durable. It is highly resistant to abrasion and changing weather conditions. It is produced in the complex process of tanning, soaked in natural hot oils. Its characteristic feature is uneven colour and the effect of diffusion of darker and lighter shades of particular colour. Thanks to the high fat content, it is highly waterproof. Properly nurtured, it ages in a very interesting and original way. Examples of this leather include pull-up leather and crazy horse leather.  



Nubuck is a type of grain leather whose grain is slightly sanded in order to achieve the effect of suede, but it does not remove the entire grain from leather, which provides it with durability. Nubucks have a beautiful structure and are pleasant and warm to the touch. Their unique feature is that a gentle touch of our hand, or some object, leaves a trace, chafing. This type of leather is recommended to people who value originality, naturalness and warmth to the touch. Remember that this leather requires constant maintenance and cleaning.



In tanneries, natural skins undergo a process of the so-called splitting, or cutting to the correct thickness, which results in producing grain leather (natural outer layer) and a split (bottom layer). In most cases, leather would be too thick for a bag to be made of it without splitting. Leather of this type is considered poorer and worse than grain leather. However, thanks to increasingly better modern tanning processes, there are types of splits which are very similar to the endurance of grain leather. If you are looking for an inexpensive leather bag, we recommend it.



Chamois leather is skin whose grain has been removed and the surface – polished. It requires constant maintenance and frequent cleaning. Due to its excellent air permeability, it is valued in the footwear industry. From our point of view, as it is easy to be soiled and difficult to clean, we do not recommend it. This type of leather have a tendency to dye.



It does not have a grain part. Quite thick and soft, with a characteristic short fibre, it is absorbent and usually coloured. It requires frequent maintenance and it’s quire hard. We recommend it to people who value softness to the touch. When it comes to our bags, we do not recommend this type of leather.


Composition leather

It is produced from grounded leather waste. Leather of this type is very poor, it is not resistant to abrasion, it usually has an embossed artificial grain. We do not recommend it!


This classification is our subjective opinion. Please remember that we judge leather only from the point of view of producing our bags.


LEATHER MAINTENANCE

While being processed in the tannery, LEATHER is specially prepared using many substances which give it softness and flexibility. As time passes, it becomes necessary to fill it in. a leather bag is subjected to several harmful factors, such as sunlight, rain, mechanical abrasion, as well as the impact of salt contained in human sweat. Tanned leather does not have capacity to regenerate, like living tissue does, so it needs help.

The key issue is systematic use of leather maintenance products. Both during the hot summer and in the winter when a bag is exposed to frost and snow. It should often be taken care of during rainy days as well. It is true that it is time-consuming, but it helps to ensure optimum protection against moisture and it will let you enjoy the ideal condition of the bag for a long time. All products should be first tested in a less visible place of a bag. Care products contain a variety of chemicals and you never know how leather will react on such a product. While the chance for any side effect is small, it is worth, however, to perform a pre-test, especially when you have spent considerable amount of money on the bag.


RULES ON MAINTENANCE AND CARE OF NATURAL LEATHER

Grain leather,
Remove dirt with a cloth or sponge dampened with clean water. Do not drench! Allow to dry at room temperature. On the cleaned surface, you can apply a small amount of polish, cream or spray (impregnate) for grain leather. Polish it gently with a soft cloth. Do not use self-shining polish! Natural leather is breathable – it breaths, so its resistance to water penetration and the effects of other atmospheric factors can be increased by using wax-resin polish. If you want to get an elegant sheen we recommend fluid polish.

Grain oil leather (crazy horse)
Remove dirt with a brush or a damped cloth or sponge. After drying it at room temperature, apply an appropriate maintenance product. An ideal product for this type of leather is spray preparation for grain leather, which is perfectly absorbed by leather. You can also use special oils for oil leather, and creams. Do not use polish or polishing products.

Suede, nubuck, velour, split:
First of all, do not use polish and creams! Gently remove dirt with a moistened cloth, do not drench! Allow to dry at room temperature in order to revive the colour, you can apply a special colouring agent for this type of leather (foam, spray). For protection, you can apply an impregnate for this type of leather, but keep in mind that very bright colours can be dimmed even by the colourless impregnates. For this type of leather, special brushes are often used, which can be found in good shoe shops.